Tiller's Guide to Indian Country - Second Edition

534 the finance department, the grants office, the facilities department, human resources, social services, natural resources, and education. housing, planning, Benewah Medical Center, and law and order are also major programs in the tribal government. The tribe maintains its own police force and court system. Jurisdiction over the reservation is concurrent with state and local law enforcement agencies. There is currently only once police station on the reservation, but plans to develop facilities in the lower third of Lake Coeur d'Alene are in progress. BUSINESS CORPORATION The tribe's federally chartered development corporation works in conjunction with the tribal council's planning department to initiate development projects for the tribe. The development corporation is responsible for daily bookkeeping duties, for conducting research into the feasibility of proposed economic development and business projects, and for conducting evaluations of current revenue-producing projects. ECONOMY The economy of the reservation is largely sustained by the tribe’s enterprises in the logging and agriculture industries. The tribe's enterprises in the gaming industry are proving to be successful and generate a substantial amount of revenue, which the tribe uses in large part to fund the enhancement of the tribal services. The Coeur d'Alene tribal government is also a major force in the tribe's economic stability. It employs at least 1,000 people throughout the tribe’s businesses and governmental departments. Government as Employer. The tribe employs approximately 1,000 individuals throughout the tribal government and business enterprises. Economic Development Projects. The Coeur d'AleneTribe's planning department is an essential part of the tribe's economic development. The planning department carries out longrange planning, comprehensive planning, site planning, coordination with all departments, land use codes development, and grant writing. With the oversight of the planning department, the tribe is in the process of developing numerous economic projects. They include the improvement of roadways that will enhance tourism and recreation in the region, the development of an industrial park, the development of a ferry system and an airport, and the development of educational tourist attractions to the region. The tribe's most recent project was the Trail of the Coeur d'Alenes, approximately 15 miles of rail bed, converted to a multi-use trail within reservation boundaries. Construction began in spring 2001, and it was completed in summer 2003. A trailhead at Plummer marks the historical trail as the Trail of the Coeur d'Alenes, and it includes a tunnel under U.S. 95 that connects the trail to the tribal celebration grounds. A 2004 comprehensive plan outlines the tribe's commitment to protecting the environment, managing and regulating natural resources, providing for the health, education and welfare of all tribal members, protecting religious freedoms, and making and enforcing laws. The comprehensive plan is designed to provide an official statement of growth and to serve as a guide to decisions about overall development. Agriculture and Livestock. Agriculture provides 10 percent of the employment opportunities for tribal members, employing approximately 266 people. Tribal agricultural enterprises include a 6,000-acre farm. It produces wheat, barley, peas, lentils, and canola. Thirty thousand acres of tribal land produce Kentucky bluegrass. Approximately 150,000 acres of tribal lands are occupied by privately owned farms. Forestry. The reservation lies partially within national forest land in a region where the timber industry has been traditionally prominent. A limited amount of timber harvesting continues on tribal lands. Though a considerable number of tribal members find employment through this industry, many tribal members work through non-Indian timbering enterprises. Pacific Crown Timber Products is the largest private employer of tribal members within this domain. Over 180,000 acres of the reservation are forested. The tribe does not authorize clear cuts on tribal lands. All logging is done with selective cutting. Gaming.. The Coeur d'Alene Casino Resort Hotel is located in Worley, Idaho. It offers over 1,400 slot machines, bingo, MegaBingo, off-track dog and horse betting, and video pulltabs. There is also a non-smoking game area. The facilities include the adjacent resort, four restaurants, and an entertainment venue. The resort offers 202 guest rooms, a conference center, a video arcade, and daycare accommodations upon request. The resort offers transport to the Spokane airport for guests as well as daily shuttles to Spokane, Coeur d'Alene, and Post Falls. The casino also sponsors a cruise boat on Lake Chatcolet. Cruise tours include brunch, lunch, dinner, special events, and special themed and private tours. There are facilities on the beaches of Lake Chatcolet for guests to enjoy recreational activities, seaplane tours, fishing, performances, and boating. The casino provides direct access to the Trail of the Coeur d'Alene, a scenic 73-mile paved trail that courses along the rivers and lakes of the Silver Valley in Idaho. The Circling Raven Golf Club is located adjacent to the Casino Resort. It offers a par-72 championship golf course. The club is located in the forest meadows and wetlands of the tribe's recreation area. The club offers a School of Golf with classes, a Junior Golf Clinic, and one-day golf clinics with renowned golf instructors. The golf course opened in August 2003, and within four months it was honored as one of Golf Magazine's top 10 best new public courses is America. In 2004, it was honored by Audubon International by inclusion in the International Cooperative Sanctuary System. The casino hosts numerous entertainment acts and events, including the PRCA Coeur d'Alene Casino Championship Rodeo Series and the July Coeur d'Alene Tribe Encampment and Powwow. The casino has been voted “#1 Casino in the Pacific Northwest” by the Spokesman Reader Review four years in a row. Fisheries. The region surrounding the reservation is rich in streams, rivers, and lakes, most of which have excellent recreational fishing. Tribal members continue to fish on and beyond reservation boundaries. Coeur d'Alene Lake is a popular fishing spot, one that the tribe is seeking to regulate and enhance through its lake management policy. Construction. In 1999, the Coeur d'Alene Tribal Housing Authority (THA) oversaw the construction of 221 homes on the reservation. An estimated 163 more will be needed by 2008. The primary aim of the THA is to administer the development of affordable housing for all tribal members. The goal of the THA is to enhance the lives of all tribal members by anticipating and providing affordable housing opportunities to individuals in all walks of life. The THA administered 221 homes in 1999, and by 2008 an additional 163 homes will be required on the reservation. Coeur d'Alene Total labor force 2000 census 3,032 Total labor force (BIA labor report, 2001) 560 High school graduate or higher 2000 census 84.3% Bachelor's degree or higher 2000 census 15.8% Unemployment rate 2000 census 12.7% Unemployment rate (BIA labor report, 2001) 67% Per capita income 2000 census $16,421 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 12345678901 Total area 344,900 acres